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[方案]MaximMAX32620超低功耗可穿着康健传感器平台方案

2017-11-24 06:32 PM| 发布者: VR孤狼| 查看: 2237| 评论: 0

摘要: Maxim公司的MAXREFDES100#是康健传感器(hSensor)设计平台,集成了生物模拟前端办理方案(MAX30003),脉氧和心率传感器(MAX30101),两个人体温度传感器(MAX30205),三轴加快度器,3D加快度器和3D陀螺仪和睦压传感器,支持运 ...

Maxim公司的MAXREFDES100#是康健传感器(hSensor)设计平台,集成了生物模拟前端办理方案(MAX30003),脉氧和心率传感器(MAX30101),两个人体温度传感器(MAX30205),三轴加快度器,3D加快度器和3D陀螺仪和睦压传感器,支持运动丈量,细密皮肤温度和各种生物电丈量,包罗ECG,EMG和EEG,以及三个波长(880nm,660nm,537nm)的脉搏血氧和心率检测.本京电港论坛文章先容了超低功耗MCU MAX32620/MAX32621主要特点,典范应用电路和MAXREFDES100#康健传感器(hSensor)设计平台框架图,电路原理图纸,质料清单和PCB线路板设计原理图.

The MAX32620/MAX32621 is a 32-bit RISC ARM® Cortex®-M4F (M4 plus Floating Point Unit) microcon­troller. It is ideally suited for the emerging category of medical and fitness applications. The architecture com­bines high-efficiency,signal-processing functionality with low cost, and ease of use. The device features 4 powerful & flexible power modes. Built-in dynamic clock gating and firmware controlled power gating minimize power con­sumption for any application.Multiple SPI, UART, and I2C serial interfaces,as well as a 1-Wire® master and USB,allow for interconnection to a wide variety of external sen­sors.A four-input, 10-bit ADC with selectable references is provided.

The MAX32621 is a secure version of the MAX32620, incorporating a trust protection unit (TPU) with encryption and advanced security features.

MAX32620/MAX32621优势和特点:

High-Efficiency Microcontroller for Rechargeable Devices Internal Oscillator Operates Up to 96MHz
Floating Point Unit
Memory Protection Unit
2MB Flash Memory
256KB SRAM
8KB Instruction Cache
1.2V ±5% Core Supply Voltage
1.8V ±5% I/O and Analog Supply Voltage
Optional 3.3V ±5% USB Supply Voltage
Tiny 81-Ball WLP Minimizes Board Space (3.9mm x 3.9 mm WLP, 0.4 mm Pitch)
Power Management Maximizes Uptime for Battery Applications 95μA/MHz Active Executing from Flash
600nA Low Power (LP0) Mode with RTC enabled
2.5μA Ultra-Low Power Data Retention Mode(LP1)with Fast 5μs(typ)Wakeup to 96MHz
Peripheral Management Unit (PMU) Reduces Power Consumption in Measurement Mode (LP2)
Optimal Peripheral Mix Provides Platform Scalability Three SPI Masters, Four UARTs, Three I2C Mas­ters, and One 1-Wire Master
49 General-Purpose I/O Pins
SPI Execute in Place Engine for Memory Expan­sion with Minimal Footprint
Full-Speed USB 2.0 with Internal Transceiver
Sixteen Pulse Train Engines
Four-Input, 10-Bit Sigma-Delta ADC Operating at 7.8 kS/s
Trust Protection Unit (TPU) Secures Valuable IP and Data (MAX32621 Only) Robust Hardware Internal Security
High-Speed Modular Arithmetic Accelerator (MAA) Supports Fast ECDSA
AES Hardware Engine
Hardware PRNG Entropy Generator
Secure Boot Loader

MAX32620/MAX32621应用:

Sport Watches
Fitness Monitors
Wearable Medical Patches
Portable Medical Devices
Sensor Hub

图1{京电港论坛}.MAX32620/MAX32621功能框架图

图2{京电港论坛}.MAX32620/MAX32621时钟框架图

图3{京电港论坛}.MAX32620/MAX32621典范应用电路:ECG贴片

MAXREFDES100#康健传感器(hSensor)设计平台

Maxim builds complex and innovative solutions for medical and high-end fitness applications. These solutions are primarily stemming from multiple product lines within Maxim. In order to help customers evaluate the features of these solutions quickly and enable them with their designs, Maxim developed an integrated sensor platform called "hSensor" Platform. With this platform, customers can evaluate our portfolio faster and more easily for multiple use cases. The hSensor platform is also flexible to accommodate our newer solutions in design, or on the roadmap.

The hSensor platform supports the measurement of motion, precision skin temperature, and a variety of biopotential measurements, including electrocardiography (ECG), electromyography (EMG), and electroencephalography (EEG). In addition, the hSensor platform also supports a variety of reflective photo plethysmography measurements including pulse oximetry and heart-rate (HR) detection at three wavelengths, 880nm (infrared, IR), 660nm (red) and 537nm (green).


图4{京电港论坛}.MAXREFDES100#康健传感器(hSensor)平台外形实物图

The platform supports GUI applications on Windows®-based PCs and Android®-based devices for simple data collection and visualization. Both direct USB connection (through a USB type C connector) and Bluetooth® low energy (BLE) radio are supported for configuration and data collections.

A direct-to-flash memory mode is supported for data collection. Flash memory read using a USB connection is also implemented.

The microcontroller of the platform is programmed with firmware that manages the system, controls the registers of all the devices on the platform, and communicates with the PC GUI. For users who want to customize the firmware for the microcontroller, refer to the firmware development guide for details: mbed (referenced as MAX32620HSP).

The following items are included in the reference design box:

MAXREFDES100# board: the health-sensor board
MAXREFDES100HDK# board: the development board for the MAXREFDES100# sensor board
Battery holder: for the installation of CR2032-type coin-cell battery if a USB cable is not used
Two ECG cables: users can solder these two ECG cables to the board for ECG measurements
USB type-C cable: for the connection between a PC and the MAXREFDES100# board
Micro-USB cable: for the connection between a PC and the MAXREFDES100HDK# board

The following use cases can be evaluated using this platform:

Fitness Applications
Chest-based applications
Chest straps with HR
Chest straps with HR & ECG
Wrist-based applications
Smart watches with Optical HR
Ear-based applications
Headphones with Optical HR
Clinical applications
Chest-based applications
1 lead-ECG patch for Arrhythmia detection (ECG & HR only)
Skin temperature measurements
Finger-based applications
Optical SpO2 measurement
Ear-based applications
Optical HR & SpO2
Head-based applications
Optical HR & SpO2
Arm-based applications
Arm bands with ECG
As with all Maxim reference designs, the bill of materials (BOM), schematics, layout files, Gerber files, firmware, and software are all available online.
System Diagram

图5{京电港论坛}. MAXREFDES100#参考方案框架图

MAXREFDES100#参考方案硬件形貌:

The MAX32620 microcontroller lies at the center of the hSensor. The following sensors are installed: MAX30003biopotential analog front-end (AFE), MAX30205 human body temperature sensor, MAX30101 pulse oximeter and heart-rate sensor, LIS2DH 3-axis accelerometer, LSM6DS3 3D accelerometer and 3D gyroscope, and BMP280 absolute barometric pressure sensor.

Power Supplies

The hSensor platform can be powered by a USB connection or by a CR2032-type coin cell battery. When both USB and coin cell are attached the power is drawn from the USB due to MOSFET / Schottky diode at Q4. If a coin cell is attached without USB the coin cell is used to power the hSensor platform.

The hSensor platform uses a MAX14720 PMIC for the majority of the power management. The PMIC has internal programming such that a 3-second button press at SW1 turns the device on. A 20-second press at SW2 turns the PMIC off.

The PMIC has a power-on configuration that provides 1.2V, 1.8V and VSYS voltages. Here VSYS comes from SWOUT, which in turn comes from the battery or USB through the PMIC pin SWIN. After power-up, the microcontroller configures the PMIC for a boost voltage of 3.3V, which appears at the HVOUT pin.

While the PMIC provides the majority of power management there are some additional power supply chips. The temperature sensors are powered by a MAX8880 LDO, which is powered by HVOUT (3.3V) and regulates this down to 2.5V. The PMIC itself is fed by a MAX8881 3.3V LDO when the hSensor is attached to USB.

ESD protection is provided by the MAX3205, which attaches to all of the USB signals except for DP/DM, which have ESD protection provided by the MAX32620.

图6{京电港论坛}. MAXREFDES100#参考方案电路原理图纸(1)

图7{京电港论坛}. MAXREFDES100#参考方案电路原理图纸(2)

图8{京电港论坛}. MAXREFDES100#参考方案电路原理图纸(3)

图9{京电港论坛}. MAXREFDES100#参考方案电路原理图纸(4)

图1{京电港论坛}0. MAXREFDES100#参考方案电路原理图纸(5)
MAXREFDES100#参考方案质料清单:




图1{京电港论坛}1. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(1)

图1{京电港论坛}2. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(2)

图1{京电港论坛}3. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(3)

图1{京电港论坛}4. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(4)

图1{京电港论坛}5. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(5)

图1{京电港论坛}6. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(6)

图1{京电港论坛}7. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(7)

图1{京电港论坛}8. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(8)

图1{京电港论坛}9. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(9)

图2{京电港论坛}0. MAXREFDES100#参考方案PCB线路板设计原理图(10)
详情请复制打开此衔接地址:
http://www.maximintegrated.com/en/design/reference-design-center/system-board/6312.html/tb_tab1
和http://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX32620-MAX32621.pdf
以及http://www.maximintegrated.com/en/design/tools/appnotes/6312/MAXREFDES100_SCH_RA.pdf
与http://www.maximintegrated.com/en/design/tools/appnotes/6312/MAXREFDES100_BOM_RA.pdf
和http://www.maximintegrated.com/en/design/tools/appnotes/6312/MAXREFDES100_LAYOUT_RA.pdf
MAX32620-MAX32621.pdf
MAXREFDES100_BOM_RA.pdf
MAXREFDES100_LAYOUT_RA.pdf
MAXREFDES100_SCH_RA.pdf


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